- Constraining spatial curvature with large-scale structure doi link

Author(s): Bel Julien, Larena J., Maartens Roy, Marinoni Christian, Perenon Louis

(Article) Published: Journal Of Cosmology And Astroparticle Physics, vol. p.076 (2022)
Links openAccess full text : arXiv

Ref Arxiv: 2206.03059
DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2022/09/076
Ref. & Cit.: NASA ADS

We analyse the clustering of matter on large scales in an extension of the concordance model that allows for spatial curvature. We develop a consistent approach to curvature and wide-angle effects on the galaxy 2-point correlation function in redshift space. In particular we derive the Alcock-Paczynski distortion of $f\sigma_{8}$, which differs significantly from empirical models in the literature. A key innovation is the use of the `Clustering Ratio', which probes clustering in a different way to redshift-space distortions, so that their combination delivers more powerful cosmological constraints. We use this combination to constrain cosmological parameters, without CMB information. In a curved Universe, we find that $\Omega_{{\rm m}, 0}=0.26\pm 0.04$ (68\% CL). When the clustering probes are combined with low-redshift background probes -- BAO and SNIa -- we obtain a CMB-independent constraint on curvature: $\Omega_{K,0} = 0.0041\,_{-0.0504}^{+0.0500}$. We find no Bayesian evidence that the flat concordance model can be rejected. In addition we show that the sound horizon at decoupling is $r_{\rm d} = 144.57 \pm 2.34 \; {\rm Mpc}$, in agreement with its measurement from CMB anisotropies. As a consequence, the late-time Universe is compatible with flat $\Lambda$CDM and a standard sound horizon, leading to a small value of $H_{0}$, {\em without} assuming any CMB information. Clustering Ratio measurements produce the only low-redshift clustering data set that is not in disagreement with the CMB, and combining the two data sets we obtain $\Omega_{K,0}= -0.023 \pm 0.010$.

Comments: 40 pages; 13 figures; Version accepted by JCAP. Réf Journal: JCAP09(2022)076