- Assessing the robustness of sound horizon-free determinations of the Hubble constant arxiv link

Author(s): Smith Tristan l., Poulin V., Simon T.

(Document without bibliographic reference) 2022-08-27
Links openAccess full text : arXiv

Ref Arxiv: 2208.12992
Ref. & Cit.: NASA ADS

The Hubble tension can be addressed by modifying the sound horizon ($r_s$) before recombination, triggering interest in $r_s$-free early-universe estimates of the Hubble constant, $H_0$. Constraints on $H_0$ from an $r_s$-free analysis of the full shape BOSS galaxy power spectra within LCDM were recently reported and used to comment on the viability of physics beyond LCDM. Here we demonstrate that $r_s$-free analyses with current data depend on the model and the priors placed on the cosmological parameters, such that LCDM analyses cannot be used as evidence for or against new physics. We find that beyond-LCDM models which introduce additional energy density with significant pressure support, such as early dark energy (EDE) or additional neutrino energy density ($\Delta N_{\rm eff}$), lead to larger values of $H_0$. On the other hand, models which only affect the time of recombination, such as a varying electron mass ($\Delta m_e$), produce $H_0$ constraints similar to LCDM. Using BOSS data, constraints from light element abundances, cosmic microwave background (CMB) lensing, a CMB-based prior on the scalar amplitude ($A_s$), spectral index ($n_s$), and $\Omega_m$ from the Pantheon+ supernovae data set, we find that in LCDM, $H_0=64.9\pm 2.2$ km/s/Mpc; EDE, $H_0=68.7^{+3}_{-3.9}$; $\Delta N_{\rm eff}$, $H_0=68.1^{+2.7}_{-3.8}$; $\Delta m_e$, $H_0=64.7^{+1.9}_{-2.3}$. Using a prior on $\Omega_m$ from uncalibrated BAO and CMB measurements of the projected sound horizon, these values become in LCDM, $H_0=68.8^{+1.8}_{-2.1}$; EDE, $H_0=73.7^{+3.2}_{-3.9}$; $\Delta N_{\rm eff}$, $H_0=72.6^{+2.8}_{-3.7}$; $\Delta m_e$, $H_0=68.8\pm 1.9$. With current data, none of the models are in significant tension with SH0ES, and consistency tests based on comparing $H_0$ posteriors with and without $r_s$ marginalization are inconclusive with respect to the viability of beyond LCDM models.

Comments: 18 pages, 15 figures, comments welcome