- First grids of low-mass stellar models and isochrones with self-consistent treatment of rotation From 0.2 to 1.5 M-circle dot at seven metallicities from PMS to TAMS doi link

Author(s): Amard L., Palacios A., Charbonnel C., Gallet F., Georgy C., Lagarde N., Siess L.

(Article) Published: Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol. 631 p.A77 (2019)
Links openAccess full text : arxiv

Ref HAL: hal-02335454_v1
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201935160
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Aims. We present an extended grid of state-of-the art stellar models for low-mass stars including updated physics (nuclear reaction rates, surface boundary condition, mass-loss rate, angular momentum transport, torque and rotation-induced mixing prescriptions). We aim at evaluating the impact of wind braking, realistic atmospheric treatment, rotation and rotation-induced mixing on the structural and rotational evolution from the pre-main sequence to the turn-off. Methods. Using the STAREVOL code, we provide an updated PMS grid. We compute stellar models for 7 different metallicities, from [Fe/H] = -1 dex to [Fe/H] = +0.3 dex with a solar composition corresponding to Z = 0.0134. The initial stellar mass ranges from 0.2 to 1.5 M with extra grid refinement around one solar mass. We also provide rotating models for three different initial rotation rates (slow, median and fast) with prescriptions for the wind braking and disc-coupling timescale calibrated on observed properties of young open clusters. The rotational mixing includes an up-to-date description of the turbulence anisotropy in stably stratified regions. Results. The overall behaviour of our models at solar metallicity – and its constitutive physics – is validated through a detailed comparison with a variety of distributed evolutionary tracks. The main differences arise from the choice of surface boundary conditions and initial solar composition. The models including rotation with our prescription for angular momentum extraction and self-consistent formalism for angular momentum transport are able to reproduce the rotation period distribution observed in young open clusters over a broad mass-range. These models are publicly available and may be used to analyse data coming from present and forthcoming asteroseismic and spectroscopic surveys such as Gaia, TESS and PLATO